The second Monday of October marks Columbus Day for many people in the United States. However, a growing number of Americans now reject celebrating Columbus, saying that he represents the violent history of colonization in the Western Hemisphere. For them, today is Indigenous Peoples’ Day,, a holiday that celebrates and honors Native American peoples, commemorates their histories and cultures and recognizes the Indigenous peoples who were oppressed by Christopher Columbus and other colonizers.

Some regions and states are now celebrating Indigenous Peoples.  For example, South Dakota’s official holiday on this date is Native Americans’ Day (also known as Native American Day), while people in Berkeley, California, celebrate Indigenous People’s Day.

Read a Smithsonian Magazine article.